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05.03.2011

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Что такое хостинг?

Веб-хостингХостинг (англ. hosting) – это услуга по предоставлению пространства для размещения данных на жёстком диске компьютера, имеющем постоянное подключение к интернету. Данный компьютер имеет определённую аппаратную и программную конфигурацию для автоматизированного выполнения определённых задач и называется сервером (англ. server).

Под хостингом традиционно понимается веб-хостинг — услуга, ориентированная на размещение в интернете своего сайта. В данном случае под интернетом подразумевается совокупность всех вычислительных мощностей, обеспечивающих функционирование сайтов и прочих сервисов интернета.

Существует хостинг и для других целей.

Фото-хостинг – услуга хранения изображений и обеспечения свободного доступа к ним или только со стороны пользоателя, воспользовавшегося услугами фото-хостинга.

Аналогично видео-хостинг – для видео файлов, и аудио-хостинг – для файлов звуковых форматов. Среди функций таких хостингов обычно есть и возможность просмотреть/прослушать файл онлайн, то есть «без скачивания на компьютер». Не смотря на часто встречающиеся подобные заявления, загрузка файла на компьютер на самом деле происходит, просто открывается файл сразу в интернет-браузере, в интерфейсе сайта без дополнительных действий со стороны пользователя.

Медиа-хостинг позволяет хранить файлы сразу нескольких типов, например, и музыкальные и видео. И, наконец, самый универсальный тип хостинга – файловый хостинг, или файл-хостинг, на котором можно хранить файлы любого типа. Встроенный проигрыватель для медиафайлов тут обычно не встречается.

На файловом хостинге можно хранить и файлы сайта, но работать сайт не будет. Для этого необходимо определённое программное обеспечение сервера, которое обеспечивает функционирование сайта, обрабатывает запросы к нему и т.д.

Веб-хостинг, как наиболее востребованная и комплексная услуга, в свою очередь делится на множество видов:

  • виртуальный хостинг;
  • виртуальный выделенный сервер;
  • выделенный сервер;
  • колокация;
  • облачные хранилища;
  • облачные вычисления.
Read more from Хостинг
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